Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library

HM 28561

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HIGDEN, POLYCHRONICON, trans. John Trevisa; etc.
England, s. XVmed-ex
1. ff. 1-5v: Dialogus inter militem et clericum, Clericus y wonder sir noble knyȝt þat in fewe daies tymes beþ chaungid riȝt is yburied lawes biþ ouertorned…Also in þe tyme of gospel hit is writen þe holy day is made for man and nouȝt man for þe holy day. Explicit dialogus inter clericum et militem.
Ps. William Ockham, Dialogus inter militem et clericum, trans. J. Trevisa. A. J. Perry, ed., Dialogus inter Militem et Clericum, Richard FitzRalph’s Sermon: ‘Defensio Curatorum,’ and Methodius: ‘be Bygynnyng of þe World and þe Ende of Worldes’ by John Trevisa. EETS os 167 (London 1925) 1-37; this manuscript described, xxv-xxvii, but not used in the edition because it had been mislaid.
2. ff. 5v-20v: Incipit sermo domini archiepiscopi Armacani, Demeþ nought by þe face but riȝtful dome ye deme. John 8o co. Holy fadir in þe bigynnyng of my sermoun I make a protestacioun…þerfore I conclude & pray mekelich & deuoutlich as I prayed in þe first þat I touchid: demeþ nouȝt bi þe face et cetera. Explicit.
Richard FitzRalph, Defensio curatorum, trans. J. Trevisa, pr. by Perry, 39-93.
3. ff. 21-23v: In þe name of crist here bigynneþ þe boke of methodii þe bisshop of þe chirche of paterenis and martir of martir of [sic] crist…And wicked men wiþout ende shul suffre peyne. Wherefore þe lord vouche he saaf to delyuer vs. qui cum patre et cetera. Explicit liber metodii episcopi.
Ps. Methodius, The Beginning of the World and the End of Worlds, trans. perhaps by J. Trevisa, pr. by Perry, 94-112.
4. ff. 24-32: [Alphabetical subject index in Latin, with reference to books and chapters] Abraham lib. 2 cap. 10, Abdon dux Israel lib. 2 cap. 10, Abessa dux Israel lib. 2 cap. 24, De Abendon monasterio lib. 5 cap. 7…De christi etate et operibus lib. 4 cap. 5, De christi passione lib. 4 cap. 6, De zenone imperatore lib. 5 cap. 3, De zorababel et cetera lib. 3 cap. 10. 5. ff. 32-40v: [Alphabetical subject index in English, with reference to books and chapters] [A]ppolyn delphicus temple lib. 1 cap. 22, Athene is ybuld lib. 1 cap. 22…Wenche sleep hir silf lib. 3 cap. 33, Wondres of Iulius deþ & dedes lib. 3 cap. 42 [perhaps finishing incomplete: “wondres,” written in a noting hand in the lower margin, intended as a catchword? f. 40 bis r-v, an added singleton, the width of one column only and ruled with the extra spaces for book and chapter numbers; blank] 6. ff. 41-42: Siþþe þat babel was ybuld men spekiþ diuerse tonges…þan alle þat ben ywrite in þe boke of lyf shal wynde wiþ him into þe blisse of heuen and be þere in body and soule and se & knowe his godhed and manhed in Ioy wiþout eny ende. Explicit dialogus.
A text with modernized spelling by A. W. Pollard, “Dialogue between a Lord and a Clerk upon Translation, From Trevisa’s Translation of Higden’s Polychronicon,” Fifteenth Century Prose and Verse (Westminster 1903) 203-08.
7. f. 42r-v: Welþe and worshipe to my worthy and worshipful lord sir Thomas lord of Berkley. I Iohan Treuysa youre prest and youre bedman…to se god on his blisful face in ioy wipout eny ende. Amen. Explicit epistola.
A text with modernized spelling by A. W. Pollard, “The Epistle of Sir John Trevisa, Chaplain unto Lord Thomas of Barkley upon the translation of Polychronicon into our English tongue,” Fifteenth Century Prose and Verse (Westminster 1903) 209-10.
8. ff. 43-319v: Incipit prefacio prima, Aftir solempne and wise writers of art and of science þat had swetnesse & likyng al her liftyme…; [f. 44v:] Prefacio secunda ad historiam, And for þis cronicle conteyneþ beringes and dedes of meny tymes…; [f. 44v:] Prefacio tercia ad historiam, To hem þat wole haue ful knowelech of stories it nedeþ eiȝte þinges to knowe…; [f. 46, Text:] De orbis dimensione priscianus in Cosmagraphia [sic], Iulius Cesar by Counsaile of þe senatours and elder men of Rome loked and serched stories…[f. 192v:] and regned in bretaigne as it were xxxti yere anone to þe convertynge of Constancius [catchword:] Philippus wiþ his sone philip//…[f. 193] //and died at þe laste by treson of his wif in þis maner…þis translacion is endide in a þursday þe xviii day of Aueril þe yere of oure lorde a þousande þre hundred foure score and seuen þe tenþe yere of king Richard þe second aftir þe conqueste of englande þe yere of my lordis age sir Thomas lorde of Berkeley þat made me make þis translacion fiue and þritty. Explicit.
C. Babington and J. Lumby, eds., Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden monachi cestrensis. RS 41 in 9 volumes (London 1865-86) through 8:345 and with Trevisa’s continuation, 347-52. Verse sections written in long lines: IMEV 2736.2, 2831.4, 1426.6, 746.5, 4189.5, 2361.5, 3218.3, 399.5, 1637.6, 1811, and Hanna, “Addenda,” n. 28. This manuscript lacks 3 quires between ff. 191-192 with loss of text, in the RS edition, 5:73 line 8 to 5:371 line 9.
9. ff. 320-325: Hic metrice tractatur de regulis ab aluredo primo fundatore universitatis Oxoniensis circiter Annum domini D CCC lxiii usque ad henricum sextum, Aluredus rex anglorum primusque monarcha/ Belliger invictus in scripturis bene doctus…Hoc tunc in fine verborum queso meorum/ Prospera quod statuat regna futura deus. Amen.
Walther, Initia, 883. 115 verses on the kings of England from Alfred to Henry VI, followed, ff. 320v-325, by several documents concerning Richard II (his renunciation of the throne), Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI and Edward IV (his claim to the throne of France with 2 genealogical tables, ff. 323v and 324v); f. 325v, ruled, but blank.
10. ff. 326-337v: Turpine the Archebisshop of þe Bataille of Rouncivale. Here begynneth þe prologe of Turpines Story, Tvrpyne by the grace of god Archebiship of Reynes a bisye ffoluere and of grete Emperoure Charlis a ffelow with leoprande Dene of Akim gretinge and helthe euerlastinge in god…; [Chapter list:] B[rubricator’s error for H]ere beginneth the Titulus of þe Chapitres of the Storye of the Bataille of Rouncivale of grete Charles the Emperoure , Capitulum 1m, [H]ow seynt Iame aperid to Charlis; Capitulum ii, [H]ow þe wallis of pampilione fylle down by hem selffe…; [f. 326v, Text:] How seint Iame apered to king Charles, Capitulum 1m, [A]fter oure lord ihesu criste had sufferid deþe and paid þe Rawnsome for synfulle man…þen Roulonde lete him goo, and he callid to god to helpe him. And anone//
Ps. Turpin, Historia Karoli Magni, ending defectively in the 26th of 36 chapters, as announced in the chapter list. No Middle English prose version mentioned in Wells, Manual; see H. M. Smyser, ed., The Pseudo-Turpin (Cambridge, Mass., 1937), in Latin.
Parchment (poor quality), ff. i (contemporary parchment) + 337; 380 × 277 (264 × 176) mm. 1-48 58(+9, f. 40 bis) 6-248 3 quires missing here 25-398 408(-8, after f. 320) 418(-7, 8 after f. 325) 428 438(-5 through 8). Catchwords in the lower right margin; beginning with quire 18, additional catchwords occur variously within the quires. Quire and leaf signatures through quire 32 as letters and roman numerals, the quires marked +, a-x (the “x” on quire 23; presumably “y” on quire 24; “z,” tironian 7 and “cum” symbol possibly on the 3 missing quires?), aa-hh on quires 25-32. On quires 33 to the end, only the leaves are signed, using roman numerals. 2 columns of 40 lines ruled in lead, with top and bottom 2 lines full across; on some leaves ruling appears to be in dry point alone or in mixed dry point and lead, as if the point of the lead were bad (e.g., ff. 162, 166, 171, 174, 178, 184, 260, 261); pricking visible in all 4 margins with double holes at the second line from the bottom of the inside and outside margins. Written by four scribes:
i. late anglicana formata script with secretary forms: ff. 1-78 col. A 1. 5; f. 78v col. A 1. 11-end of column; ff. 81-82 col. B 1. 4; f. 87 col. B 1. 31-87v col. A 1. 23; f. 100v col. A 1. 1-29; ff. 101v col. A 1. 1-102 col. A 1. 11; f. 104 col. B 1. 20-end of f. 104; f. 105 col. A 1. 1-105v entire col. A; ff. 109-111v; f. 123, entirely.ii. secretary script: f. 78 col. A 1. 5-78v col. A 1. 10; ff. 78v col. B 1. 1-80v; ff. 82 col. B 1. 4-87 col. B 1. 31; ff. 87v col. A 1. 23-100; ff. 100v col. A 1. 29-101; ff. 102 col. A 1. 11-104 col. B 1. 20; f. 104v; ff. 105v col. B-108v; ff. 112 col. A-122v; ff. 123v-319v. iii. late anglicana formata script with secretary forms: ff. 320-325 (art. 9). iv. secretary script: ff. 326-337v (art 10).
Decoration was left at varying stages of completion up to f. 138; thereafter it was abandoned entirely (excepting art. 10). Full borders composed of narrow gold and color strips with acanthus leaves and ink sprays ending in green leaves, flowers and gold motifs occur on ff. 1 (art. 1) and 88 (Book 2), with 5- or 4-line particolored pink and green initials, infilled with acanthus leaves and set on cusped gold grounds; both borders with coats of arms (see below). Similar initial on f. 43 (First preface) with a full border of the narrow strips on 2 sides and wide bands on the other 2 sides, composed of regularly twisted pink and blue acanthus leaves; on f. 46 (Text) the same combination of narrow strips and wide bands, but with secondary initials. Full border on f. 21 (art. 3) of the narrow strips alone, with secondary initials. Other borders composed of narrow gold and color strips the length of the text, with acanthus leaves and ink sprays extending into the upper and lower margins occur with major initials (as above): 5-line particolored pink and green (f. 5v, art. 2) or green and orange (f. 24, art. 4) with leaf or flower infilling on cusped gold grounds; these borders also occur with the 2 styles of secondary initials, used more or less alternately: either 4- or 3-line white-highlighted blue or pink on cusped gold grounds (e.g., f. 41, art. 6) or 4- or 3-line gold on white-highlighted particolored pink, blue or orange grounds (e.g., f. 42, art. 7). Other initials, 2-line in gold on white-patterned particolored pink and blue grounds with small ink sprays terminating in green leaves and gold motifs. In red are paragraph marks and underlining of sources cited, headings and chapter numbers. Stages of the unfinished decoration are apparent on ff. 26v, 27v and 28v with the outline of the border decoration and of the initials, to which gesso has been applied; on ff. 25, 26, 27 and 28 the gold has been added; on ff. 83, 85, 87 (for example) the first base of color is present; on ff. 81 and 82 the ink sprays and the outlining of the bar border were completed, but colors still lack final modelling and highlighting. In quires 10 (ff. 73-80), 16 (ff. 121-128) and 18-41 (ff. 137-325) spaces were reserved for the initials indicated by guide letters. On f. 326 (art. 10), plain blue 4- or 3-line initials; the remaining initials in art. 10 by guide letter only; rubrics throughout this section. Pen trials throughout; on f. i, practice alphabets, s. XVI. Illuminated initials cut out on ff. 54v, 64v, 65. Bound, s. XV, in 3 layers of leather over bevelled wooden boards; earlier 2 layers, once dyed pink, now faded; evidence of 2 fore edge straps closing to pins on the back cover; of the original 10 brass bosses, 3 are missing; sewn on 7 thongs.
Written in England towards the middle and the end of the fifteenth century. Arms of the first owner in the borders of ff. 1 and 88; on f. 1: ermine, a mill-iron sable; on f. 88: quarterly 1 and 4 the same arms as above, 2 and 3 per pale azure a lion (or a fox?) rampant argent and gules 2 lions (or foxes?) rampant argent. Miscellaneous pen trials include the following names: s. XV: f. 255, in lead, “Welby Willm”; back pastedown, “Johnn Hornywold the son off Richard Hornywold.” Notes, s. XVI: f. i, “George Hornby” and, on f. i verso, notes on his father Robert’s marriage and the births of the latter’s children (1503-14); f. 150, “Thys Is ye layste wyll of me Wyllyam barray mayde y xxxth yer of ye reyng of youre sofereyng kyng”; f. 164, “Ihon harry”; back pastedown, “Robard smythe was marryed the xix daye of octobar ano 1500/30/7,” and “þis boke longyth to Rycharde Welby gentyllman.” Brief marginal notes (ff. 287, 299v, 319) in the hand of William Cecil, Baron Burghley (1520-98). On f. i, a note in an eighteenth century hand concerning the authorship and translation of the text. On the front turn-ins “W.1.10,” s. XVIII-XIX; on spine, printed label, “Tf 14.” Listed among the books belonging to the Marquess of Exeter at Burghley House, Stamford in the HMC, 6th Report, Appendix (1877) p. 234; their sale, Christie’s, 15 July 1959, lot 132 with plate of f. 70v. Sold by F. Hammond Booksellers, with a sale pamphlet including plates of ff. 43 and 46 (noticed in Scriptorium 27, 1973, Bull. Cod. 87) to J. Howell Books in San Francisco in 1965. Acquired by the Huntington Library from Howell’s at that time.
Secundo folio: keys of þe kyngdom
Bibliography: Chronica, 6. Aspects of Medieval England, n. 18 open at f. 43.
Aspects of Medieval England
Aspects of Medieval England: Manuscripts for Research in the Huntington Library, an Exhibition prepared for the Medieval Academy of America, 14 April 1972 [San Marino 1972]
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
Early English Text Society original series
Hanna, “Addenda”
R. Hanna, “The Index of Middle English Verse and Huntington Library Collections: a Checklist of Addenda,” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 74 (1980) 235-58
Historical Manuscripts Commission
C. Brown and R. H. Robbins, Index of Middle English Verse (New York 1943) and Supplement by R. H. Robbins and J. L. Cutler (Lexington 1965)
Rolls Series
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)
Wells, Manual
J. E. Wells, A Manual of the Writings in Middle English 1050-1400 (New Haven 1916) with 9 supplements (1919-51)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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