Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
BOOK OF HOURS, Sarum use1. ff. 1-6v: Calendar in red and black with the usual English saints, including the feasts of David (1 March), Chad (2 March), John of Beverley (7 May), Etheldreda (23 June), Visitation (2 July, in red), Winifred (3 November); the qualifier “pape” has been cancelled, although Thomas of Canterbury is not; Latin month verses across the heading [Walther, Initia 14563], and the Cisiojanus syllables, here beginning “Cisiojaned,” running vertically down the month, of which a version is printed in Grotefend, 24-25. 2. ff. 7-13v [f. 7, blank, except for an added prayer, Auxiliatrix sit michi trinitas sancta…]: Oratio ad dominum nostrum ihesum, O Domine ihesu christe eterna dulcedo te amancium…[the 15 O’s of St. Bridget; HE, 76-80]. 3. ff. 14-16 [f. 14, blank]: Memoria de sancta trinitate, Domine deus omnipotens pater et filius et spiritus sanctus da michi famulo tuo N. victoriam…, cues of Pss. 53, 66 and 129, and the prayer, Libera me domine ihesu christe fili dei vivi qui in cruce suspensus fuisti…[de la Mare, Lyell Cat., 373, n. 88]; f. 16v, ruled, but blank except for prayers added s. XV2 running through f. 17: Crux triumphalis domini nostri iesu christi…, Oremus, Deus qui Tres magos orientales…[HE, 75]; A prayer to thy proper angell, Angele qui meus es custos pietate superna…[Wilmart, 554-58]; Whan thow Enferst [sic] in to the chyrche say thus, Domine in multitudine misericordie tue introibo in domum tuam…[beg. as in Ps. 5, 8]; When thou takest holy water say thus, Aqua benedicta sit michi salus…; When thou beginnest to praye thus begynne knelyng, Discedite a me maligni…; O Bone Iesu tu novisti et potes et vis bonum anime mee… 4. ff. 17-34v [f. 17 blank, except for added prayers, see above]: suffrages of John the Baptist, Thomas of Canterbury, George, Christopher, Anne, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Barbara, Margaret; prayers added on ff. 18v-19: Domine libera animam meam de carnali dilectione…; Domine Iesu christe rex virginum integritatis amator… 5. ff. 35-84v [f. 35, blank]: Incipiunt hore beate marie virginis secundum usum Anglie ecclesie, with the hours of the Cross worked in; suffrages after lauds of the Holy Spirit, the Trinity, the Cross, Michael, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul, Andrew, Lawrence, Stephen, Thomas of Canterbury, Nicholas, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, All Saints, prayer for peace; following compline are Salve Regina, the set of versicles, Virgo mater ecclesie…, and the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui gloriose virginis et matris marie…[HE, 62-63]; Oracio de domina nostra, Gaude flore virginali que honore speciali…[RH 6810], with the prayer, Dulcissime domine ihesu christe qui beatissimam genitricem tuam…; De domina nostra, Gaude virgo mater christi que per aurem concepisti…[RH 7013], and the prayer, Deus qui beatissimam virginem mariam conceptu et in partu…[HE, 64]; suffrage of Anthony abbot; prayers added s. XV2 on ff. 76-77 as follow: Pater de celos [sic] deos [sic] miserere nobis. Domine sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus qui coequalem…, Domine ihesu christe fili dei vivi qui es verus…, Domine spiritu sanctem [sic] deus qui coequalis…[to the Trinity; HE, 124-25]; Deus propicius esto michi peccatori et es custos mei omnibus diebus vite mee…with versicle, response and prayer, Deus qui miro ordine angelorum…[HE, 125]; Salve sancta facies…[RH 18189]. 6. ff. 85-102v: Prayers as follow: Has videas laudes que sacra virgine gaudes…, Salve virgo virginum stella matutina…[a farcing of the Salve Regina, attributed to Bonaventure, Opera (Vatican 1668) 6:466-67], with the prayer, Deus qui de beate marie virginis utero…[Bruylants, Oraisons, v. 2, n. 230]; Oracio ad dominam nostram, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina mater misericordie…[masculine forms; Wilmart, 488-90]; Obsecro te…et michi famulo tuo…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Quicumque hec septem gaudia …a papa [this word erased] clemente qui hec septem gaudia proprio stilo composuit, Virgo templum trinitatis…[Philippus de Grevia; Wilmart, 329, n.]; Ad ymaginem domini nostri ihesu christi, Omnibus consideratis…[Johannes Lemovicensis; Wilmart, 584, n. to p. 527], with the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui unigenitum filium tuum…; Incipit oratio venerabilis bede presbiteri…, Domine ihesu christe qui septem verba…[Leroquais, LH 2:342]; Precor te piissime domine ihesu christe propter illam caritatem…[Wilmart, 378, n.]; Ave domine ihesu christe verbum patris filius virginis…[Wilmart, 412]; Oracio, Ave verum corpus natum de maria virgine…[Wilmart, 373-76]; Anima christi sanctifica me…[Leroquais, LH 2:340]; Oracio, Ave principium nostre creacionis…[Wilmart, 23, n.]; Cuilibet dicenti hanc oracionem …dominus papa [this word erased] bonifacius sextus concessit …ad supplicacionem philippi regis francie, Oracio, Domine ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem…[Wilmart, 378, n.]. 7. ff. 103-120 [f. 103, blank]: Penitential psalms, gradual psalms (cues only for the first 12), and litany, including Edward, Quentin and Lambert among the martyrs; Albinus, “Zwithine” and Birinus among the confessors; Petronilla, Sotheris, Edith and Afra among the virgins; f. 120v, ruled, but blank. 8. ff. 121-142v [f. 121, blank]: Office of the Dead, Sarum use. 9. ff. 143-156 [f. 143, blank]: Commendation of souls (Pss. 118, divided into sections, and 138 with the prayers, Tibi domine commendamus animam famuli tui N.…, and Misericordiam tuam domine sancte pater…); f. 156v, ruled, but blank. 10. ff. 157-162v [f. 157, blank]: Psalms of the Passion (Pss. 21-30, 6 with cues only for Pss. 22-24, 26, 29). 11. ff. 163-176: Psalter of St. Jerome: Beatus vero iheronimus in hoc modo disposuit psalterium…, [Prayer:] Suscipere digneris domine deus omnipotens…, [f. 165:] Incipit psalterium sancti iheronimi, Verba mea auribus percipe…[HE, 116-22] ending with the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus clemenciam tuam suppliciter deprecor…; ff. 176-177, added, s. XV2: Medesynes to staunch blode, Scribe hoc in veronica cum sanguine pacientis in fronte eius et dic hanc oracionem, Deus qui solo tactu fimbris vestimenti tui…; to staunch blode, In nomine patris…, Stabat Jhesus contra fluvium Jordanis…; to staunch blode, Jesus that was in bedelem borne and baptyzed in fluvium iorden thou command the blode of this man N. (here name hym)…; To staunche blode bynde this versyt about thy neke,…; To staunch blode wryte this lettirs on thy fote,…[a series of letters and syllables]; [in a different hand, to determine liturgical feasts] After the fyrst monne of the pyphany commyte 4 days and the nexte sonday…; [in a third hand, s. XVex] A remembrans that my hosband gyffrey kyffyn deyparted owt of thys worlde un to my lorde god this xxii day of september on sent mauryce ys day the xix year of the rayne of kynge edward the iiii…[i.e. 1479, as indicated below in a later hand]; there follow various ownership notes [see below]; f. 177v, blank. Parchment, ff. i (modern parchment) + 177 + i (modern parchment); 235 × 162 (125 × 80) mm. 16 28(+1, f. 7 and 8, f. 14) 38(ff. 17-24, all singletons, with full page illuminations alternating with text pages, and joined to a “conjunct” text page) 48(ff. 25-32: same as quire 3) 58(+1, f. 33 and 3, f. 35) 68(+1, f. 43) 78(+6, f. 57) 88(+2, f. 62 and 9, f. 69) 98(+3, f. 73 and 7, f. 77) 104(through f. 84) 11-128 138(+3, f. 103) 148 152(through f. 119) 168(+1 and 2, ff. 120 [text] and 121) 178 186(+6, f. 143) 196 208(+1, f. 151 [text] and 7, f. 157) 218(+3 and 4, ff. 163 [text] and 164) 226(+7, f. 177). An occasional catchword survives, in a cursive script in the inner right corner; two signatures on ff. 64 and 130 as letter of the alphabet and roman numeral. 19 long lines, ruled in pale red ink, with pricking usually visible in the 3 outer margins. Written in a gothic book hand. Twenty-three full page miniatures on the versos of inserted singletons (rectos are blank) by a somewhat more competent artist than the person who did the smaller miniatures. The miniatures are surrounded by heavy frames of pink or blue segments with gold quatrefoils at the corners; the outer borders around the miniature and those around the text on the facing page are in the same style and hand of black ink spray, with blue and gold acanthus at the corners and centers, and with flowers, strawberries and gold trilobe leaves; in the margins above the miniatures a series of small holes suggests that a protective covering was once sewn in (one piece of silk remains loose in the manuscript, also with a series of holes across one end). The miniatures are: f. 7v (15 O’s of St. Bridget), Salvator Mundi; a coat of arms in lower margins of ff. 7v-8 (see below); f. 14v (Trinity), Gnadenstuhl; f. 17v, John the Baptist holding the Lamb on a book; f. 19v, Thomas of Canterbury being assassinated before the altar; f. 21v, George slaying the dragon; f. 23v, Christopher; f. 25v, Anne holding a diminutive Mary on her lap, who, in turn, holds the baby Jesus; f. 27v, Mary Magdalene; f. 29v, Catherine of Alexandria with wheel, sword and Maxentius; f. 31v, Barbara; f. 33v, Margaret; f. 35v (Hours of the Virgin), Jesus at Gethsemane, and on f. 36, above 7 lines of text, Annunciation; f. 43v (Lauds), Betrayal of Christ, and on f. 44, Visitation; f. 57v (Prime), Pilate washing his hands, and on f. 58, Nativity; f. 62v (Terce), Scourging at the pillar, and on f. 63, Annunciation to the shepherds; full page illumination presumably once present before f. 66 (Sext) now missing; on f. 66, Adoration of the Magi; f. 69v (None), Crucifixion, and on f. 70, Presentation in the temple; f. 73v (Vespers), Deposition from the Cross, and on f. 74, Massacre of the Innocents; f. 77v (Compline), Entombment, and on f. 78, Flight into Egypt; f. 103v (Penitential psalms), Last Judgment, with Christ sitting on a rainbow, Mary and John on either side, and the dead rising from their graves; f. 121v (Office of the Dead), burial in a churchyard; f. 143v (Commendation of souls), angels lifting 2 souls in a sheet to God the Father; f. 157v (Psalms of the Passion), Man of Sorrows, with the emblems of the Passion; f. 164v (Psalter of St. Jerome), Jerome in his study with the lion at his knees, the wounded paw raised. Historiated initials, 7-line, with black ink spray extensions including blue and gold acanthus, flowers, strawberries and gold trilobe leaves and dots: f. 51 (Holy Spirit), the Dove, its feet on the globe; f. 52, Michael; f. 52v, Peter and Paul; f. 53, Andrew; also on f. 53, Lawrence; f. 53v, Stephen; f. 54, Nicholas; f. 55v, All Saints; f. 82 (7 Joys), the Virgin, kneeling before Christ in Majesty; f. 84, Anthony abbot with 2 pigs; f. 85 (Salve virgo virginum), Mary in glory holding the Child; f. 89 (O Intemerata), Pietà; f. 93 (Virgo templum trinitatis), the child Mary on the steps of the temple; f. 95v (Omnibus consideratis), Jesus being nailed to the cross; f. 96 (Omnibus consideratis, to the cross), the 3 crosses, tau-shaped, and empty; also on f. 96 (Omnibus consideratis, to the head of Jesus), Jesus, with blood dripping on his forehead; f. 96v (idem, to the wound on his right hand), the hand, floating on blue clouds, with the wound; f. 97 (idem, to the wound on his left hand); also on f. 97 (idem, to the wound on his side), four small flesh-colored circles, bleeding, surrounding a flesh-colored bleeding heart; f. 97v (idem, to the wound on his right foot), a foot, with clouds at the leg, and the wound; also on f. 97v (idem, to the wound on his left foot); f. 98 (idem, to John the Evangelist), John holding the poisoned chalice; f. 99 (7 Words from the Cross), Crucifixion with the thieves on either side; f. 102v (Domine ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem), a priest and others praying before an altar. Major initials, occuring across from full page illuminations, 7-line, white-patterned blue against pink and gold backgrounds, infilled with lush multicolored acanthus leaves, some trilobe leaves and flowers in a style reminiscent of English work. Secondary initials, 3- and 1-line, in gold on patterned pink and blue grounds; initials within the text washed in yellow; ribbon line fillers in pink, blue and gold. Rubrics in red. Bound, s. XIX, in red velvet with silver filigree clasp. Written in the middle of the fifteenth century, possibly in Bruges for export to England. Coat of arms placed in the lower margins of ff. 7v-8, very slightly overlapping the flowers of the border decoration: per pale, 1 argent a chevron or between 3 pheons the two in chief lying fesswise point to point and that in base erect sable; 2 or two lions combatant argent supporting a bezant. The first (although with a chevron gules) is given by J. Papworth, Ordinary of British Armorials (London 1874) 462 as Kyffin, co. Salop, agreeing with the note on f. 177 by the widow of “Gyffrey Kyffen” (d. 1479). Later notes on the same leaf show that the manuscript belonged to John Somers, 1st Baron Somers (1650/1-1716), whose library passed to his brother-in-law, Sir Joseph Jekyll (1663-1738); his sale, London, 26 February 1739, probably n. 5000 to James West (1704?-1772); the West sale, London, Langford, 27 February 1773, possibly n. 78. Thomas Windus acquired the book (ca. 1820?) from the booksellers John and Arthur Arch; the name Ansley Windus is neatly penned on f. i above an erasure; Thomas Windus sale, 27 February 1858, n. 197. A partially erased note reads “I bought this book at Leigh and Sotheby at auction for…” and seems to be signed “W. L<?>”; another partially erased note, in blue ink, appears to read “T<?> Henry <?>.” Sale of Edwin Henry Lawrence, Sotheby’s, 9 May 1892, n. 299 to Quaritch. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Bierstadt (1895) 33; Cat. (1909) pp. 21-22; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1911, pt. I, n. 2128 to G. D. Smith; precise date and source of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 90.
Flanders, s. XVmed
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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