Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
ARISTOTLE, DE ANIMALIBUSff. 1-98v: Incipit liber primus aristotilis de naturis animalium quem transtulit magister michael scotus de greco in latinum et habet in se x libros. Rubrica, Quedam partes corporum animalium dicuntur non composite et sunt partes que…attrahit partem spermatis et dimittit partem. [f. 46:] Incipit liber primus de partibus animalium. In translatione vero nova, In omni oppinione nobili et vili sunt duo modi dispositionum…per se et nos modo volumus incipere dicere de generatione animalium. [f. 69v, De generatione animalium libri V:] Etiam declaravi superius dispositionem membrorum animalium generaliter et specialiter…que accidunt non ex necessitate sed propter aliquid et propter causam finalem et propter causam moventem. Explicit liber aristotilis de naturis animalium. Sed intitulatus est et distinctus secundum novam translationem et sunt in hoc volumine 18 lib[ri, x] de hystoriis animalium, 3 de partibus animalium et v de generatione animalium, viius de progressu animalium hic deficit cum quo essent xix.
Southern Italy, s. XIII2
Aristotle, De naturis animalium, De partibus animalium, De generatione animalium, trans. Michael Scot, completed by 1220; text not printed in full. See AL 80-81 and 245 where this manuscript is described. The text here is complete: the scribe erroneously repeated the rubric of Book VII on f. 26, thus his calculations at the end of the manuscript were off by one. Marginalia and nota marks by various readers of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Parchment (prepared in the Italian manner), ff. i (early modern paper) + 98 + i (early modern paper); 368 × 240 (237 × 140) mm. 1-812 92. Catchwords in inner right corner, decorated with 4 pattes-de-mouche; leaves signed in roman numerals, except on quire 8 where they are signed a-f. 2 columns of 52 lines, ruled in lead with single bounding lines and a set of double outer rules in all 4 margins; pricking for the various frame rules visible in all 4 margins (none noticed for the line rules). Written in a minuscule book hand. Opening historiated initial, 8-line, in dull pink set on a gold ground, depicting a cleric showing a group of animals to monks and students; C-shaped border in dull pink, blue, green, ochre and orange with biting animal heads and vines as pinwheels sprouting rounded trilobe leaves, the points of which often terminate in gold dots, in a style somewhat similar to A. Daneu Lattanzi, Lineamenti di Storia della Miniatura in Sicilia (Florence 1966) fig. 43 and 44 of Vatican Library, Vat. lat. 36; 3 coats of arms in roundels in the lower border: 2 erased; one remains (see below). Major initials for the divisions of Books, 9- to 6-line (e.g. ff. 5v, 8, 9), parted red and blue with filigree and tendrils in both colors; secondary initials, 3- or 2-line, in alternating red or blue with flourishing of the other color; alternating red and blue paragraph marks and letters of the running headlines. Rubrics present for the Books only up to f. 46; thereafter both Book and chapter headings noted in the margins in a fifteenth century cursive hand. Fifteenth century foliation, 131-229; on f. 98v (i.e. 229v), in a fifteenth century hand, “sono carte cc xxx.” Bound, s. XVI (?), in limp parchment with title on the spine in a decorative gothic hand, but considerably damaged: “509. Arist. L[ogi?]ca Decor<?> <?>oli<?> <?>s de animali-[bus] Manuscript”; fore edge ties missing. On the back flyleaf, offset of a strip print [Woodward del. Rowlandson f.] Borders for Rooms, Plate 2, London, March 25 1799 at Ackerman’s Gallery, 101 Strand. Written in southern Italy for a member of the family of Charles I of Anjou, King of Sicily and Naples, 1266-85; the remaining coat of arms on f. 1 is of Anjou: azure, semy of fleur-de-lys or, differenced with a label of 5 points gules (Rietstap, vol. 1, pl. 52); Mr. Van de Put, according to De Ricci, has suggested that the 2 erased coats of arms are Jerusalem (Charles I was crowned King of Jerusalem in 1278) and Hungary ancient (Charles II married Mary of Hungary in 1270); both erased coats of arms bear traces of tinctures in gules and or. Belonged to Pier Leoni (d. 1492), physician to Lorenzo de’ Medici. The inventory of Leoni’s books is published in L. Dorez, “Recherches sur la bibliothèque de Pier Leoni, médecin de Laurent de Médicis,” Revue des Bibliothèques 7 (1987) 81-106, where this manuscript may be identified with item 8, “Aristoteles de natura animalium.” The single title, corresponding to HM 1035 as it stands today, suggests that the book had been bound in its more complete state (cf. the multiple titles on the spine, which must have referred to the text[s] on the missing 130 folios at the beginning of the book) and had then been dismembered before 1582, when the inventory of Leoni’s library was compiled. See J. Ruysschaert, “Nouvelles recherches au sujet de la bibliothèque de Pier Leoni, médecin de Laurent le Magnifique,” Bulletin de la classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques de l’Académie royale de Belgique, ser. 5, 46 (1960) 37-65, and his introduction to Bibliothecae Apostolicae Vaticanae…Codices 11414-11709 (Vatican 1959) p. vii, mentioning HM 1034 (evidently as typographical error for HM 1035): a number of Leoni books were in the library of the Jesuit College in Rome until ca. 1912, when approximately 27 of their manuscripts were sold to the bookdealer W. Voynich, possibly including HM 1035. On the front pastedown in modern pencil: J991, J992; on f. 1, in modern pencil: 992, a8665a. Acquired by Henry E. Huntington in 1918 from G. D. Smith.
Secundo folio: et pulcro sonoBibliography: De Ricci, 82. Aspects of Medieval England, n. 41 open at f. 1.
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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